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Summer Term

World War II



For almost six years from 1939 to 1945 Britain fought the toughest war it had ever experienced. World War II was total war - every person, every business, every service was involved. Britain did not fight alone, the war also involved many countries. World War II involved 61 countries with 1.7 billion people (three quarters of the world's population). Fifty million people lost their lives and hundreds of millions people were injured.


When did World War II take place? 

World War Two in Europe began on 3rd September 1939, when the Prime Minister of Britain, Neville Chamberlain, declared war on Germany. It involved many of the world's countries.


Why was there a World War?

In 1933 the German people voted for a leader named Adolf Hitler, who led a political party in Germany called the National Socialists or Nazis. Hitler promised to make his country great again and quickly began to arm Germany again and to seize land from other countries.

Countries: During the war, several countries were involved from across the globe. Fortunately, the UK had many allies. These were countries that the UK was able to work with to help win the war. Click onto the link below to discover more:
WWII Leaders - During the war, the UK had two main leaders in power. This included Neville Chamberlain and Winston Churchill. Click onto the link below to discover more:
Protection: During the war, in order for people to protect themselves, they came up with some inventive ways of staying safe. One of the important inventions was the Anderson Shelter. Click onto the link below to discover more:
War Effort: During the war, people had to adapt they way they lived due to the changing needs of the country. For example, as there was a short supply of produce coming in from Europe, food had to be carefully rationed between people. People also had to black out their windows so that enemy aircraft would not be able to see their lights.

The Home Front:

The end of WWII:

VE Day – Victory in Europe celebrates the end of the Second World War on 8 May 1945. 8 May 1945 - Winston Churchill announced VE Day - Victory in Europe. This day marks the end of WW2 in Europe. Street parties were held all over Britain to celebrate the end of the war.